Learn to do attachments in research papers correctly (2023)

An addendum to a research paper can take many different forms and appear complex. Knowing how to properly integrate attachments into your research is important. Read on to find out how.

What are attachments?

Appendices constitute a section of a research paper consisting of materials and references that are too long or too large to fit in the main report. The information in the appendix should be summarized and then referenced in the body of the research paper. Appendices are not included in the word count of the article.

What do I need to include in an attachment?

An appendix contains information that does not necessarily have to be included in the main part of the document, but can be helpful for a deeper understanding of the subject of study. It also contains information that is too long to fit in the body of the document.

What can you put in an attachment?

You can add the following elements to a stub:

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  • Calculations, statistics, raw data
  • technical drawings or technical details, e.g. computer coding
  • energy supplier
  • paragraphs or text
  • tables or graphs
  • Pictures, drawings and illustrations
  • Maps, charts and drawings
  • Website Addresses
  • reading recommendations
  • additional details about a new or unique approach or design process
  • Correspondence
  • Demographic information about participants or groups
  • Sample answers from participants
  • extended or detailed descriptions
  • Lists too long to fit in main text
  • Research listings and supporting articles not directly referenced in the text

Please note that the appendix should only contain information that will be linked as references in the body of your work. The appendix should not contain information that is not relevant or does not support the ideas expressed in the main article.

Why are attachments important?

An appendix allows people to skip information they don't want to read. An appendix contains additional information that may not be valuable to all audiences, or you may not be able to include it in the body due to time or space constraints. Appendices support the main points of your work, but not everyone will be interested in reading them.

Appendix General rules for scientific work

If you include an appendix (singular) or appendices (plural), remember that the information is not essential; Therefore, even without them, the reader can understand the importance, validity, and implications of your research.

All attached documents must have a label followed by a letter or number. The same labels must be published on the research paper content page, and each appendix must be referenced by its number or letter in the appropriate place in the research paper text.

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Attachments also require a meaningful title, which can be centered or left-aligned (depending on the desired citation style). The tag tells the reader what the attachment is, for example "Scanned copy of participant 1's questionnaire responsesÖ'Line chart showing precipitation in June 2021 in Shanghai.

How do I create attachments in a research paper?

Here's a step-by-step guide to creating attachments!

  1. Bring together:
    • Collect raw data, such as calculations
    • Add images, tables, charts
    • Note the instruments used, e.g. cameras, cell phone recordings
    • Add any other additional but relevant information, e.g. E-mails, transcripts
  2. Organize:
    • Organize the appendices in the same order they are mentioned in the research paper or dissertation. This makes it easier for the reader to navigate the appendix. For example, if you first mention an Excel spreadsheet in your research paper, these are your first attachments.
    • Add captions to each attachment in turn. Use capital letters or sentence capitals at the top of the page and the same font and size as the main headings used in the body of the research paper for each chapter, e.g., Times New Roman).
    • If you only want to add one item to the attachment, just name it "Attachment", no letters or numbers are needed.
  3. Format:
    • On the next line, give the attachment a meaningful title (left-aligned or centered, depending on the style required by your university), e.g. B. “Bar chart showing the association between type 2 diabetes and sugar consumption in Dubai”.
    • Place all appendices immediately before or after the bibliography/list of works cited/bibliography (depending on your institution's style specification)
    • In order not to confuse the reader, each appendix should start on a different page (regardless of how many pages it contains).
    • Add page numbers (usually in the top-right corner of the page).
  4. Correct:
    • Check if the order is correct.
    • Make sure headings and descriptive tags are present and are the same size and font as the main headings in the rest of the research paper.
    • Correct spelling, punctuation or grammar mistakes.
  5. Content Page - Add your attachment labels and titles to the table of contents with their corresponding page number

How to write an appendix in different styles

Attachments to a report may vary. Check with your education teacher if you're not sure what writing style is required by your school, but basic guidance on some common styles is given below.

APA Addendum Guidelines

MLA Addendum Guidelines

Chicago annex guidelines

Harvard Addendum Guidelines

Location of attachment

After the bibliography or bibliography

Each attachment starts on a new page.

Before the quoted page of the work

Each attachment starts on a new page.

After the bibliography or bibliography

Each attachment starts on a new page.

After the bibliography or bibliography

Each attachment starts on a new page.

Attachment label and descriptive title

The label "Attachment" should appear first, followed by ABC, etc., and above the attachment label.

12 Punkte, Times New Roman

Centered and bold

The label "Attachment" should appear first, followed by ABC, etc., and above the attachment label.

12 Punkte, Times New Roman

Centered and capitalized

The "Appendix" tag should appear first, followed by 1,2,3, etc. and above the appendix label.

12 Punkte, Times New Roman

The designation "Attachment" should appear first, followed by ABC or 1, 2, 3, etc. and above the attachment label.

12 Punkte, Times New Roman


Page numbers in the appendix

Each appendix must have a page number in the upper right corner.

Each appendix must have a page number in the upper right corner.

Each appendix must have a page number in the upper right corner.

Each appendix must have a page number in the upper right corner.

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How to reference your attachments

If you have an appendix in a research paper, you must reference it in the research paper. After the sentence in which you refer to your appendix in the document, format the citation in the text as follows: (See Appendix A for an illustration of the increase in sales.) Ö (see Appendix 3 for the full transcript). The letter or number must match the label on the attachment. For example,

Overall, the qualitative results showed a strong preference for reducing teacher turnover and improving accountability (see Appendix 4).

In summary, you should now have a better understanding of how to write an appendix and realize that appendices allow you to include additional content to support your research work. The format may differ depending on the style required by your university, but there are many similarities.

Important points to remember are the attachments:

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  1. must appear in order
  2. Add a title and tag
  3. each must start on a separate page
  4. appear on the content page
  5. mentioned in the research work
  6. page numbers included

Still need help?

If you're still not sure how to add attachments to a report, write an attachment document, or format an attachment, contact usEditor of research articlesfor help type 'Write my research paper for me' in a search engine.

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What skills do you gain when you learn the basics of writing research papers? ›

Some key research skills include:
  • the ability to understand and integrate resources gleaned through various means - online, at the library, in archives, via interviews etc.
  • the ability to survey and understand 'fields' of knowledge.
  • the ability to collect and organize important historical data.

What are the five most important points to remember while writing a research paper? ›

Organization is Key
  • Select your topic carefully.
  • Choose sources that will be helpful and make sure they are reliable.
  • Index cards should be used to jot down helpful notes that you may need throughout the process or writing.
  • Your notes should be organized based on the topic it is under.
Apr 21, 2015

Why is it important to study and learn how do you create a research paper? ›

Writing a research paper is the primary channel for passing on knowledge to scientists working in the same field or related fields. It is important to hone the skill of writing papers to demonstrate your ability to understand, relate to what has been learnt, as well as receive critical peer feedback.

How do you effectively study a research paper? ›

Top tips
  1. Pay attention to the title. The title should tell you the main purpose of the paper. ...
  2. Read critically. When reading a research article, don't assume that the authors are correct. ...
  3. Make notes as you go. ...
  4. Read it multiple times. ...
  5. Read references. ...
  6. Discuss the paper with someone else.

How can you strengthen your skill in research writing? ›

Here are a few research practices and tips to help you hone your research and writing skills:
  1. Start broad, then dive into the specifics. ...
  2. Learn how to recognize a quality source. ...
  3. Verify information from several sources. ...
  4. Be open to surprising answers. ...
  5. Stay organized. ...
  6. Take advantage of library resources.
Aug 18, 2021

What makes a successful and effective research? ›

Good research is replicable, reproducible, and transparent. Replicability, reproducibility, and transparency are some of the most important characteristics of research. The replicability of a research study is important because this allows other researchers to test the study's findings.

What is the most crucial step in writing a research paper? ›

Selecting a topic can be the most challenging part of a research assignment. Since this is the very first step in writing a paper, it is vital that it be done correctly.

What is the most important sentence in a research paper? ›

A thesis statement is the basic stand that an author takes, the opinion that he expresses, and the major point that he wishes to make about his subject. It contains the controlling idea of the essay, and therefore, gives the direction and the unity to all the separate elements of the writing.

Why is it essential to learn the basic parts of a research paper? ›

The different parts of a research paper have been established to provide a structure that can be consistently used to make your research projects easier, as well as helping you follow the proper scientific methodology. This will help guide your writing process so you can focus on key elements one at a time.

Why is it important to learn and study your topic? ›

Studying is not just important for educational development, but also builds personal skills. Having good study skills can improve your confidence, competence, and self-esteem. As well as helps reduce stress and anxiety around deadlines and exams.

How many hours does it take to read a research paper? ›

Do plan to spend anywhere from 3–6 hours to really digest a paper, remember they are very dense! Be ready and willing to make several passes through the paper, each time looking to extract different information and understanding.

What is the most effective skills for the research? ›

Critical thinking is needed to bring something unique to our knowledge and conduct research successfully. Analytical thinking is one of the most important research skills and requires a great deal of practice.

How do you overcome challenges in writing research? ›

Paige and Dawidowicz offer tips for working with your data.
  1. Ground yourself in the research. ...
  2. Get back to your methodology. ...
  3. Listen to the data. ...
  4. Take advantage of technology. ...
  5. Stay focused. ...
  6. Account for biases. ...
  7. Let the data drive your presentation. ...
  8. Draw on the details.

What makes a research paper well written? ›

Good papers will move from the general to the particular and begin with the context of the work, move through the statement of the problem being investigated, deal with the empirical and/or analytical aspects of the work, then develop the discussion and draw conclusions based upon what has been covered in the paper, ...

How do you research information efficiently and accurately? ›

  1. Get organized. ...
  2. Articulate your topic. ...
  3. Locate background information. ...
  4. Identify the information you need. ...
  5. List keywords and concepts for search engines and databases. ...
  6. Consider the scope of your topic. ...
  7. Conduct your searches. ...
  8. Evaluate the information sources you found.

What is the most important step in the research process? ›

Without doubt, defining the problem is the most important step in the research process. Defining the problem sets the foundation for the entire project, so it is critically important to take the time to do this well.

What is the most important part of research process? ›

Formulation of scientific problem is frequently recognized as the most difficult and the most important part of research project.

What is the hardest part of writing a research paper? ›

Getting started is the hardest part. First, answer the above questions and write down your answers. Second, clearly identify the clinical question, gap in knowledge, or problem you are trying to solve (or may have already solved). Third, do a literature search on the subject of your research or project.

What is the most difficult part of research writing? ›

Evaluation and analysis

The big part of your research paper encompasses the evaluation of the data that you obtained from your research. This evaluation and analysis can make your research successful or not. There is also a big responsibility that you provide valid, reliable, and authentic data and its evaluation.

What is the most difficult part of the research paper to accomplish Why? ›

The introduction is the most difficult part since you are writing about what you are yet to fully dive into and it should therefore be the last section to be written. Definitely, Introduction. Definitely, Introduction. Introduction is the challenging section.

What is a good sentence to start a research paper? ›

Numerous studies have argued that … Several studies have revealed … The research to date has tended to focus on … Data from several studies have identified the … It has been suggested that …

What is the most important part of a research paper what should it contain? ›

The title and the abstract are the most important parts of a research paper and should be pleasant to read. The “title” should be descriptive, direct, accurate, appropriate, interesting, concise, precise, unique, and should not be misleading.

What is the most important element in research writing why? ›

The title is the part of a paper that is read the most, and it is usually read first. It is, therefore, the most important element that defines the research study.

What are the two important parts in writing the research problem? ›

A problem statement in the social sciences should contain:

An indication of the central focus of the study, and. An explanation of the study's significance or the benefits to be derived from an investigating the problem.

In what way does research empowers you with knowledge to learn new things? ›

Research empowers us with knowledge

We get to know the way of nature, and how our actions affect it. We gain a deeper understanding of people, and why they do the things they do. Best of all, we get to enrich our lives with the latest knowledge of health, nutrition, technology, and business, among others.

Why is it important to research your topic thoroughly? ›

That requires thorough fact checking to make sure that what you are saying is correct, helps you get to the bottom of a story and is not going to land you in legal trouble.

What is the importance of research skills for students? ›

Research skills allow you to find information and use it effectively. It includes creating a strategy to gather facts and reach conclusions so that you can answer a question. think about your topic – don't be too vague or too specific (try mind mapping or keyword searching).

Is it possible to write a research paper in 3 hours? ›

Creating a qualitative essay in under 3 hours will become a reality if you dedicate up to seven minutes to planning it. This time investment will definitely pay off since you will not need to rewrite paragraphs and change the essay structure.

How long does it take to write a 1500 research paper? ›

Writing 1,500 words will take about 37.5 minutes for the average writer typing on a keyboard and 1.3 hours for handwriting. However, if the content needs to include in-depth research, links, citations, or graphics such as for a blog article or high school essay, the length can grow to 5 hours.

How long should it take to write a 5 page research paper? ›

If we assume that one page has roughly 500 words, then a 5-page paper should require 2,500 words. From experience, in order to write about 2,500 words in an effective way, you would need about 4-8 days (between 625/words per day at the most, and 313 words/day if you are spacing it out over 8 days).

Why is it important to learn the basic concepts and skills of research? ›

Research skills allow you to find information and use it effectively. It includes creating a strategy to gather facts and reach conclusions so that you can answer a question. think about your topic – don't be too vague or too specific (try mind mapping or keyword searching).

What are the benefits of writing research paper? ›

Why Students Should Still Write Research Papers
  • Complex Reading Skills Are Applied to Multiple Sources. ...
  • It Creates A Research Mind Set. ...
  • It Can Promote Curiosity. ...
  • The Librarian Can Be A Life-Long Resource. ...
  • The Power of Attribution. ...
  • It Builds Related Skills. ...
  • Plagiarism and Intellectual Property Rights Matter.
Jun 24, 2015

Why is research writing an important skill? ›

Writing a research report gives you a head start to future scholarly works. The student not only learns the process of research that is selecting a topic, reviewing the literature, collecting data and evaluation of data but it also helps you understand how to find answer of a question scientifically.

How does research provide you with the knowledge and skills? ›

Research creates new opportunities for learning and growth. By conducting it, you can learn more about a topic, even if you already have some knowledge about it. If you're not so knowledgeable about the topic, it can also provide you with the details and information necessary to understand the subject.

What are skills in doing research? ›

Research skills refer to the ability to search for, locate, extract, organise, evaluate and use or present information that is relevant to a particular topic.

What is the most important thing in a research paper? ›

Scientific papers are organized into specific sections and each has a goal. We have listed them here. Your title is the most important part of your paper. It draws the reader in and tells them what you are presenting.

What is the most important in research paper? ›

The title and the abstract are the most important parts of a research paper and should be pleasant to read. The “title” should be descriptive, direct, accurate, appropriate, interesting, concise, precise, unique, and should not be misleading.

What are the 3 purposes of a research paper? ›

Three of the most influential and common purposes of research are exploration, description and explanation.

What is the most important research skill? ›

Critical thinking.

Critical thinking refers to your data analysis skills. When you're in the throes of research, you need to be able to analyze your results and make logical decisions about your findings.

What three skills do you think are most important for research? ›

Common research skills necessary for a variety of jobs include attention to detail, time management, and problem solving.


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