How to perform CPR and use an AED - The Hippocratic Post (2023)

Survival rates in Britain lag radically behind the rest of Europe. It is expected that the addition of first aid to thecurriculumin English schools helps. The most important development, however, is that more and more people are able to take and start some form of online or hands-on first aid training.RCPas soon as possible if someone faints and stops breathing.

when to giveRCP

In the UK alone, around 30,000 people suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrest each year. effective viewerRCPand using a defibrillator can more than double the victim's chances of survival. When someone is unconscious and not breathing, it is imperative that they open the airway and beginRCPAS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE. If you have access to an AED, you should activate it and call an ambulance as soon as possible.

If the victim is unconscious but still breathing, you should place them in the recovery position and closely monitor if they are still breathing.

Click here to learn how to get someone into the recovery position.

how to runRCPin adult

Adults in cardiac arrest typically have 3 to 4 minutes of residual oxygenated blood in their system. When someone squeezes your chest firmly and quickly to pump blood around your body, it can pump oxygenated blood to your heart and lungs for a few minutes and buy you some time.

However, after 3-4 minutes (without breathing), they will run out of oxygenated blood. Therefore, in order to provide the victim with oxygen and give them the best chance of survival, the victim must also receive breaths:

  • Place your palm in the center of the person's chest, then place your other hand on top and squeeze 2 to 2 inches at a steady rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute.
  • Deliver two breaths after every 30 chest compressions.
  • Enough breaths should be taken to inflate the chest.
  • Implant a defibrillator as soon as possible.

RCPin a child

Children are more likely to stop breathing and are also unable to maintain oxygen in their systems as efficiently as adults. Therefore, when resuscitating a child, you should first take 5 breaths: tilt your head and lift your chin to open the airway, and then inhale enough to raise the chest.

This should be followed by 30 chest compressions, bringing the chest down about a third and pushing hard and fast.

On the way, take an ambulance and proceed:2 breaths: 30 compressions….

What to do if your baby is unconscious and not breathing

As with counseling for adults and children; check firstdanger, reaction, open yourrespiratory tractand searchbreathing- If you feel like you're not breathing properly (less than 2 breaths in 10 seconds), startRCP(Resuscitation)

Gently tilt your head and lift your chin to a more or less horizontal position to clear the tongue from the back of the airway, then give 5 breaths to re-oxygenate the airway. Infants and children are much more likely to have breathing problems that have led to respiratory failure; Your heart will stop later.

Seal your mouth around your mouth and nose (if you can put your mouth over both) and gently blow out from your cheeks in one stroke (your lungs are the size of a teabag, so don't overbreathe).

If she starts gurgling when you breathe on her, turn her on her side briefly and empty her vomit from her mouth before continuing to breathe.

Press down one-third of its depth with two thumbs or fingers

Press hard and fast in the center of the chest, between the nipples, at a rate of about 120 beats per minute, about 2 beats per second.

After about 30 need to give them 2 more breaths and then resume the compressions again.30:2:30:2:30:2…

Keep going

If you press on the chest, you are the heart.
When you breathe them in, you are the lungs.

If you are alone, you have to do 1 minuteRCPbefore calling an ambulance (5 breaths, 30:2, 30:2 is about a minute). Continue until the paramedics arrive.

To read the full article, click hereabout helping an unconscious baby.

Why defibrillators save lives

It is important that anyone who is unconscious and not breathing receives prompt and appropriate treatmentRCPand a defibrillator. Shocking figures from the British Heart Foundation show that only one in ten sufferers survive a cardiac arrest.

Our survival rate is significantly lower than in the Scandinavian countries where there is much more emphasis on educating and training school children and the general population so that they are sufficiently qualified and equipped to be able to immediately help someone in need.

Defibrillators (AED), combined with cashRCP, life jacket. If someone passes out, is unconscious and not breathing, their chances of surviving in the community are only 6%. However, if they receive qualityRCPand a defibrillator is implanted within 3 minutes and they are in the shock rhythm, the chances of survival increase to 74%.

How a defibrillator works:

An AED is an automated external defibrillator. H. it automatically detects when someone has a shockable rhythm and tells that person what to do.

Defibrillators don't start the heart like a car; You stop like restarting a computer. Ultimately, this allows individual heart cells to charge simultaneously and hopefully restart the pacemaker in the heart at a normal rate.

The defibrillator delivers a shock to stop the heart when it is in an abnormal but shockable rhythm. Allow the heart's system to reset itself and hopefully return to sinus rhythm (normal beat).

AEDs are used inadditivea RCPto save the lives of people in cardiac arrest.

Research has shown that implanting a defibrillator within 3 to 5 minutes of collapse can result in survival ratesas high as 50-70%.

Click on the headline above to watch a video on how to use an AED.

Defibrillators are designed to be as easy to use as possible. They'll tell you how to use them, so you should try your best even if you've never been trained.

If a download is recommended:10. Check the victim's entire length to make sure no one is touching him.
11. Then shout out loud, "Stay away."
12. Press the flashing Shock button as indicated (fully automated AEDs do this automatically when a shock is advised).
13. Go toRCPas shown.
14. Continue with 30 compressions for 2 breaths.
15. Do not stop to check on him unless he regains consciousness and starts breathing normally.
16. The device will recheck your heart rate every 2 minutes and recommend another shock if necessary.

If downloading is not recommended:• Continue withRCPand follow the instructions
• Keep driving until help arrives. To stopRCPwhen the victim regains consciousness and begins to breathe normally.
• The device rechecks your heart rate every 2 minutes and recommends a shock if necessary.

If there is more than one rescuer, rotate every two minutes.

Defibrillators greatly improve a victim's chances of survival and are now widely available to the general public. However, much more is needed in the community and workplace to achieve the significant improvements in cardiac arrest survival seen in other countries such as Sweden.

What should you do if you witness sudden cardiac arrest?

  • Call 999 or, best of all, have someone else call you and let you know. You can also put your phone on speakerphone to get started.RCPwithout delay.
  • BeginRCP
  • Have someone find a defibrillator (AED) and bring it to you immediately.
  • When using a defibrillator on a child, it is best to use pediatric pads or a pediatric environment. If there is no setup and only paddles for adults, you can use one paddle in front of the chest and one in the back for children from one year old.
  • If there are no pediatric electrodes or a special configuration and the child is less than 1 year old, continue with thisRCPand ask paramedics for advice; They will usually advise you against using the defibrillator.

How to perform CPR and use an AED - The Hippocratic Post (1)

With a bit of luck there will be one near you. For maximum accessibility, they are most commonly placed in public places such as train stations, bus and subway stations, shopping malls, airports, dentists,family doctorDoctors' offices and recreation centers have apps like Heartsafe that can help you find the nearest AED.

Defibrillators are extremely easy to use and you cannot harm an unconscious victim with a defibrillator. If someone is unconscious and not breathing, they need your help fast.

It is important to act quickly.

Only 40 per cent of viewers in the UK who witness a cardiac arrest notice itRCP

Research by the British Heart Foundation shows that only four out of ten passers-by have itRCP, and that 62% of British adults admit they worry about what to do when someone collapses in front of them after a cardiac arrest.

Defibrillators make a difference after a sudden cardiac arrest, but there is still work to be done to raise awareness.

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